B.SC - BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOTECHNOLOGY (BC,BT)

BIOCHEMISTRY

Biochemistry is the study of mechanisms of life at the molecular level. Thus, knowledge of this subject has become an indispensable tool to biologists. Biochemistry mainly deals with the reactions involved in the degradation of food substances which provide the energy required by organisms to survive. Some of the major topics covered as part of this subject are principles of chemistry and physics, structure and function of macromolecules such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids, enzymes and enzyme kinetics, biochemistry and function of micronutrients and vitamins, and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. In addition, molecular genetics, molecular cell biology and immunology are also covered.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

In its most basic form, biotechnology is simply technology based on biology; it uses cellular and biomolecular processes to create products and technologies that enhance both our quality of life and the health of the world. For almost 6,000 years, we have produced valuable foods like bread and cheese and preserved dairy products using the biological activities of microorganisms.

Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary science that involves the application of scientific and engineering principles to enable processing of materials by biological agents, to provide an array of novel, value added products and tools. This subject covers areas such as cell biology, plant biotechnology, animal biotechnology, genetics, immunology, recombinant DNA technology, biostatistics, biophysics and biochemistry.

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