The study of matter and the substances that make it up is the focus of the scientific subdiscipline of chemistry. The characteristics of these substances and the reactions they go through to produce new substances are also covered. Atoms, ions, and molecules, which in turn make up elements and compounds, are the main subjects of chemistry. Through chemical bonding, these chemical species frequently communicate with one another. It is significant to remember that the study of chemistry also examines how matter and energy interact.
The science known as quantum mechanics studies the properties, compositions, and structures of elements and compounds as well as how they can change and the energy that is emitted or absorbed during such changes.
The five primary branches of chemistry are physical chemistry, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and biochemistry. Follow the buttons provided below to learn more about each individual branch. In addition to these main departments, chemistry has a number of specialist specialties that address issues that span disciplines. Medicinal chemistry, neurochemistry, materials chemistry, nuclear chemistry, environmental chemistry, polymer chemistry, and thermochemistry are a few examples of this type of chemistry.
In its most basic form, biotechnology is simply technology based on biology; it uses cellular and biomolecular processes to create products and technologies that enhance both our quality of life and the health of the world. For almost 6,000 years, we have produced valuable foods like bread and cheese and preserved dairy products using the biological activities of microorganisms.
Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary science that involves the application of scientific and engineering principles to enable processing of materials by biological agents, to provide an array of novel, value-added products and tools. This subject covers areas such as cell biology, plant biotechnology, animal biotechnology, genetics, immunology, recombinant DNA technology, biostatistics, biophysics and biochemistry